Coffee Hacienda La Esmeralda – rightly be recognized as the best coffee in the world. This elite grade of coffee with trepidation grown and processed on the farm, located on the slopes of Mount Baru in western Panama.
Нacienda La Esmeralda coffee gained recognition among gourmets and connoisseurs of excellent taste and aroma. Special Editions coffee Esmeralda repeatedly received high marks at the auctions. So in May 2010 Hacienda La Esmeralda coffee was sold for $ 170 per pound. It is necessary to take into account the fact that in 2004 his bid price was $ 21. Since then, the cost of coffee Hacienda La Esmeralda has risen steadily. Currently the price of elite coffee Esmeralda 4 times higher than the cost of one cup of regular coffee.
This type of coffee has repeatedly voted the best, winning prizes: first place, awarded by the Association of Coffee in America (2007, 2006, 2005); second place as “Coffee of the Year” (2009, 2008); first place “Best coffee in Panama” (2010, 2009, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004), and others.
Hacienda La Esmeralda farm is located in the province of Chiriquí Boquete at the optimum height – 1400 – 1700 meters above sea level. The rich volcanic soil of the region is ideal for growing coffee. Local coffee boasts its eco-friendliness. Region was certified as a habitat, not subject to harmful human intervention, where water sources preserve their purity. Farm owners put the effort in order to maintain an established ecosystem, banning deforestation and hunting for local birds and animals.
The history of the farm Hacienda La Esmeralda, which grows one of the best coffees in the world, dates back to 1967, when Rudolph Peterson, a Swede by birth, becomes the property of a few hundred hectares in the area of Palmyra, with a view to spend retirement. Later members of the family farm Peterson used for milk production. Despite the fact that the land has always possessed coffee trees, only 20 years after it was planted in a substantial part of them, and only 7 years later, the factory was constructed Benefico for processing grains directly on the farm.
Another 2 years later, members of the dynasty Peterson purchased a farm in the area of Jaramillo, Boquete, later called Esmeralda Jaramillo. At one of the sites purchased the farm and have been found the famous coffee trees Esmeralda.
Farm owners vyvili one important truth that coffee beans have the best quality at the moment when the ripe berries ready for harvest. It was after the ripening berries manufacturer can not affect the improvement in the taste of coffee, it can only try to reduce the loss of flavor characteristics.
Therefore, manufacturers are very sensitive Esmeralda treated coffee beans in order to preserve the taste of coffee, created by nature itself.
Harvest – the first stage in the struggle for the preservation of taste, but because the berries on the farm Hacienda La Esmeralda collected manually, though selects only the ripest and red berries. Top harvesters receive a bonus. Harvested fruit is weighed and checked for defects and immaturity. So manufacturers provide high-quality collection of berries.
Assembled coffee washed for several hours, after sorting and removing layers of vegetable pulp. In the future, the coffee is dried in two stages, first in the sun or in the machine, and then using a mechanical dryer. The final drying is carried out slowly enough to just reach humidity index of 12%. The temperature of the grains will never exceed 38 degrees. This is perhaps the most important stage of processing, since it is here that there is a high probability of loss of quality. In no case be allowed drying coffee zerёn, because of which they may lose shape and integrity.
Processed coffee is numbered and placed in bags that are sent to storage in a wine cellar or warehouse, where the temperature and humidity control.
On the farm Hacienda La Esmeralda each batch of coffee is about 3200 kg. Coffee is stored on the farm for 45-60 days. Before shipping, for three days, coffee beans subjected to mechanical rubbing against each other, the purpose of which is the removal of the dry skin and parchment. There is also observed temperature regime, in order to prevent an increase in temperature due to friction.
Then the coffee is sorted, according to the wishes of the buyer, for example, the grains can be sorted by size, divided into large and small. In addition to sorting by size, coffee beans are sorted by density. Less dense grains are separated. At the end of the coffee is placed in jute bags for export weighing 60 kg and sent by truck to the Panama Canal, where the port of Manzanillo and Balboa coffee will be shipped on board the ship to the buyer’s kiln.
The taste of coffee Hacienda La Esmeralda is rich and complex. It combines chocolate, fruit and spicy notes. It’s hard to resist the temptation and enjoy the taste of this fine coffee, knowing how caring and attentive to their production.